Food demand is increasing, and vertical lighting is increasingly “pleasuring” with LED lighting
As the world’s population continues to grow, it is projected that by 2050, it will approach 10 billion people. To feed a huge new population, grain production needs to increase by 60% to 70% accordingly. However, the global arable land is not enough to meet the needs. How to effectively use the urban idle space to produce food has become an important topic for the time being. With the rise of environmental awareness among urban residents and the deepening of green life, coupled with the rapid advancement of related technologies, urban agriculture has become a trend in various countries in recent years. It not only creates job opportunities, but also expands urban green space. The consumption of land will reduce the distance from food sources to the dining table, which is conducive to energy conservation and carbon reduction.
It is common for urban dwellers to study as farmers and play "Happy Farm" in their own courtyards, balconies, and rooftops. However, high-end department stores in the center of Paris, France, also operate "air gardens", making people feel refreshed. . The roof of the Lafayette (Lafayette) department store on the prosperous street in Huadu is planned by a group of agricultural engineers and architects under the “Paris Strawberry Underland” company to create a huge vegetable and fruit garden, which can provide about 1.8 metric tons of food to Paris citizens each year. Strawberry is its bulk.
The Department has adopted the “vertical agricultural method” which is currently being used to abandon the soil and use layered elevated patented “biofilms” to plant food crops. Specially treated air-conditioning wastewater and rainwater are used to provide the nutrients needed for plant growth. The foundation of this “landless, hydroponic cultivation” is “biofilm”. It is mainly made of animal fibers such as waste wool of non-woven value. The cost is low and the construction method is simple. It is economical and environmentally friendly. As a result, vertical department stores and shopping malls in Paris and other cities are springing up.
The mayor of Paris, Idaho, encouraged the public to use a new law to be a “gardener of public space”. He hoped that by 2020, he could create 100 hectares of new vegetation, such as vegetation walls and green roofs. One third of them will contribute to urban agriculture. (Gardening), production of food. This adds to the conditions of the “populated land” of food, which is densely populated and sparsely populated. It also further enhances the urban landscape, enhances the city’s biodiversity, and contributes to ecological balance.
The left picture shows the indoor vertical farm developed by Infarm in Germany, and the right picture shows the German Infarm company is installing a vertical farm (Source: Infarm)
On the other hand, the Metro supermarket chain in the German capital, Berlin, cooperates with Infarm, a company that develops urban indoor agriculture, to promote the indoor vertical farm program, “Directly Planting Fruits and Vegetables in Supermarkets”. Personally harvest fresh ingredients to be purchased.
Infarm is committed to planting food in various "impossible" places. It uses old containers to make modular planting boxes that can stack high, and in this "vertical farm", Internet-controlled irrigation and nutrient supply. System, simulation of sunlight to help plant photosynthesis LED lighting, and installed more than one sensing device to monitor crop conditions, consumers can also understand the process of food growth in real time through the network.
Vertical walkways cover supermarkets in supermarkets, occupying only a few square meters of small space in the supermarket, and can be extended upwards. “The biggest advantage is that the supermarket infrastructure is complete and there is no need for any additional build or adjustment. Just install the system. It can be started to operate.” It is beneficial to reduce the cost of food transportation, warehousing and preservation, and it is favored by consumers.